Malnutrition refers to insufficient, excessive, or imbalanced consumption of food by persons; it encompasses both undernutrition and obesity.
Undernutrition kills more than 3 million children every year worldwide. For those who survive, it can have irreversible consequences on their physical growth and mental development. This in turn undermines virtually every aspect of economic and human development.
It is therefore crucial, for the future of any country, to ensure that its population has access to adequate nutrition (both in terms of quantity and quality).


"Malnutrition is a recognised health problem in Pakistan and plays a substantial role in the country's elevated child morbidity and mortality rates. Due to its correlation with infections, malnutrition in Pakistan currently threatens maternal and child survival, especially in poor and underdeveloped areas" (National Nutrition Survey 2011, p2).
This is reflected through the latest Global Nutrition Report (2016) which shows Pakistan ranking as 125/132 in the world for the prevalence of stunting (45%); 107/130 for wasting (10.5); and 180/185 for anaemia in women (51.1%).
Pakistan Vision 2025 seeks "a healthy and hunger-free Pakistan. Emphasis will be on targeting the most food-insecure segments of the population". These most food-insecure segments of the population are found mostly in the rural areas of the country.

Main nutrition indicators (2011 NNS) Pakistan Sindh
Chronic malnutrition 44% 50%
Severe Acute Malnutrition 5.8% 6.6%
Global acute malnutrition 15% 17.5%
Iron deficiency in pregnant women 37% 34.5%
Anaemia in children under 5 62% 72.5%
Across the world, the European Union aims to “enhance maternal and child nutrition by reducing mortality, morbidity, as well as growth and development deficiencies due to Undernutrition” (12/03/2013 Communication from the EC to the European Parliament and the Council on “Enhancing maternal and child nutrition in external assistance”).
In June 2013, Commissioner Piebalgs committed the EU to focus €3.5 billion of EU external assistance on nutrition between 2014-2020 to reduce, by 7 million, the number of stunted children under 5 by 2025.
In Pakistan, EU’s support to nutrition is provided at all steps of the humanitarian-development continuum, ranging from humanitarian assistance (through ECHO, our Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department) and service delivery by third parties (NGOs), to building the capacities of public authorities to deliver nutrition services in a long-term and sustainable perspective, within a clear and efficient policy framework, through funding from EuropeAid (our International Cooperation and Development Directorate).
This EU assistance is multi-sectoral. It covers nutrition-specific activities, such as the medical treatment of malnourishment. It also covers nutrition-sensitive activities to improve people’s livelihoods (to prevent malnutrition through WASH activities, cash transfers, agricultural production, etc.), mobilise and sensitise communities, as well as capacitate public authorities, with the overall objective of improving service delivery by public authorities.
Georges Dehoux


    Provinces of Intervention
    • The Information on Food Security, Nutrition and Resilience for Decision Making project (INFORMED) – EUR 0.2 million – 2015‐2018. The aim is to strengthen the capacities and processes of the authorities to collect, process and analyse in an integrated and coherent way data related to food security and nutrition.
    • • Women and Children/Infant Improved Nutrition in Sindh (WINS) – EUR 30 million – 2012-2017. The aim is to strengthen the capacity of public entities to address the high rates of malnutrition in four districts of Sindh.
      • The Food and Nutrition Security Impact, Resilience, Sustainability and Transformation programme (FIRST) – EUR 0.5 million – 2015‐2018. The aim is to provide technical assistance to the Government of Sindh in the field of food and nutrition security & sustainable agriculture.
      • Multisector humanitarian assistance to drought affected communities in Sindh, Pakistan – EUR 3 million – 2016‐2017. The aim is to reduce the level of malnutrition and improve food security of drought affected vulnerable communities through an integrated multi sectoral response.
      • Provision of integrated nutrition and livelihood support to the drought affected population in Sindh – EUR 4 million – 2016‐2017. The aim is to mitigate the negative impact of food and nutrition insecurity of populations through integrated nutrition and cash interventions.
    Future Interventions
    • Programme for Improved Nutrition in Sindh (PINS) – EUR 60 million – 2017-2021. The aim is to enhance the capacity of the Government of Sindh to efficiently implement its multisectoral nutrition policy while also providing direct assistance to significantly and rapidly reduce malnutrition in rural Sindh. The programme should start the third quarter of 2017.
    ProvincesGrand Total € 41,628,611 Implementers Grand Total € 41,628,611
    The European Union (EU) unites European countries politically and economically for securing lasting peace and prosperity. Respect and partnership are key elements for cooperation programmes between the EU and other countries.

    It contributes to poverty reduction, political stability, and social and economic development, promoting a more prosperous Pakistan for everyone's benefit.
    Together with the bilateral funds provided by its member countries, the EU is the largest grant donor to Pakistan.
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